Rosselynn Jae Garcia de la Cruz

2010 Asia JusticeMakers Fellow, Philippines

 

Born and raised in the Philippines, Rosselynn Jae Garcia de la Cruz is dedicated to helping agrarian communities assert and maintain their rights.  She is “deeply enriched by [her] work and remain[s] constantly humbled by the depth and wisdom emanating from the grassroots.”   Her first exposure to the issues confronting farmers was in Bondoc Peninsula, Quezon, where she joined an observers’ mission. She witnessed the scale of injustice being perpetrated against the farmers, and decided to take on their cause.

Rosselynn graduated from the University of the Philippines with degrees in Journalism in 2001 and Law in 2005.  She passed the Philippine Bar in 2006, and  has been working in rural areas with farmers in the assertion of their rights.

Rosselynn is a legal consultant with the AKBAYAN Citizens Action Party, a national political party with two seats in the Philippine Parliament.   She provides input on its legislative initiatives in the area of rural development and agrarian reform.  She also works for Rural Poor Initiatives for Land and Human Rights, providing direct legal services to partner agrarian farmer organizations all over the Philippines.  She chose to focus her project in Bondoc Peninsula, Quezon and Carles, Iloilo, hotbeds of agrarian violence and criminalization.

In 2007, farmers’ organizations from all over the Philippines registered their objection to the Agreements entered into by the Philippines and China to lease one million hectares of agricultural land, because it threatened to displace farmers. In addition to filing a case in the Supreme Court, Rosselynn launched a campaign to generate public awareness. The contracts have since been suspended.

 The Problem

 The Filipino government has been arresting farmers for harvesting coconuts and charging them with theft. The farmers have been harvesting the land all their lives. The arrests only started to occur when the farmers began to assert their land rights under the government’s agrarian reform program.  In one region, Iloilo, more than thirty criminal cases have been documented—ranging from Qualified Theft to Malicious Mischief to Trespassing.  Rosselynn noted that there is “no clearer or more poignant example of the criminal justice system being used as a tool to further marginalize the already marginalized” than the farmers being arrested in this way.  Rosselynn has identified four key problems leading to the denial of legal rights of the accused in agrarian communities: outdated laws allowing harassment and intimidation of farmers, discrepancies between the landowners and the farmers regarding access to legal services, complicit participation of the authorities in the landowners’ harassment, and the alienation of the farmers (most of whom are illiterate and unschooled) from the legal process.

Rosselyn’s project aimed to confront each of these problems by empowering the women in agrarian society. For her project, she gave a basic, four-day paralegal trainings to rural women from agrarian hotspots, and the training will be called the WARRIOR CLASS (Women Advocates for Rural Reforms and the Institutionalization of Rights Class.  The trainings included instruction on the legal system, the criminal justice process, affidavit drafting, record-keeping, and best practices in engagement with the police and the courts. The goal was for these women to be able to fight against arbitrary government actions.   Paralegals can assist farmers in navigating the legal system, helping to determine if a lawyer is necessary.  Women, a traditionally marginalized segment of society have become empowered and important citizens within their communities. 

Results

The Paralegal trainings organized by Miss de la Cruz had a significant impact in the rural communities in Iloilo and Quezon. First of all, the women were provided with the necessary legal skills to defend themselves in court. In addition, Miss de la Cruz observed a positive change in attitude towards women’s role in society. In particular, husbands started to treat women in a more respectful manner.

It should also be highlighted that Miss de la Cruz and her team managed to obtain the dismissal of several cases which were pending against farmers in the aforementioned communities. During the  implementation of the Project Miss de la Cruz received  the support of local NGOs and Governmental Institutions such as the National Anti-Poverty Commission and the Department of Agrarian Reform.