Global Headquarters of International Bridges to Justice
64, rue de Monthoux, 1201 Geneva, Switzerland
Karen Tse – Founder and CEO
Karen founded International Bridges to Justice in 2000 to promote systemic global change in the administration of criminal justice. A former public defender, Karen first developed her interest in the cross section of criminal law and human rights as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow in 1986, after observing Southeast Asian refugees detained in a local prison without trial; thousands of prisoners of all ages being held without trial, often having been tortured into making so called confessions. In 1994, she moved to Cambodia to train the country’s first core group of public defenders and subsequently served as a United Nations Judicial Mentor. Under the auspices of the U.N., she trained judges and prosecutors, and established the first arraignment court in Cambodia. A graduate of UCLA Law School and Harvard Divinity School, Karen was named by U.S. News & World Report as one of America’s Best Leaders in 2007. She has been recognized by the Skoll Foundation, Ashoka and Echoing Green as a leading social entrepreneur. Karen was the recipient of the 2008 Harvard Divinity School’s First Decade Award, and the 2008 American Bar Association’s International Human Rights Award. She also received the 2009 Gleitsman International Award at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. More on Karen
Brian LeDuc – Deputy Director
Experienced Project Leader and senior lawyer with broad international and U.S. experience in public sector reform, court administration, access to justice, technology transformation, and organizational management. Brian has worked for federal and state court technology projects in the United States and managed USAID and EU-funded rule of law projects in Egypt, Georgia, Northern Macedonia, and Serbia. Brian has a Juris Doctor from the University of Notre Dame Law School, and a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto.
Sanjeewa Liyanage – International Program Director
Originally from Sri Lanka, Sanjeewa assumed the role of IBJ’s International Program Director in October 2006 after over 12 years of experience in project management in Asia. He began his career as the Asian Coordinator for International Young Christian Students (IYCS) in 1988, where he conducted social awareness and leadership training programs for students in 14 Asian countries. In 1995, he joined the Asian Legal Resource Center (ALRC), a regional human rights NGO based in Hong Kong, where he assisted human rights-related legal training programs for different groups including civic group leaders, lawyers, and judges from the Asia-Pacific region. He represented ALRC at numerous UN forums including the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and the Human Rights Committee in Geneva, preparatory meetings leading to the World Conference against Racism in Warsaw and Bangkok, and the Committee against Torture. Sanjeewa was the East Asian focal point for the NGO Coalition for International Criminal Court (CICC). He has undergone human rights training at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in The Hague and the Danish Institute (formerly Danish Centre) for Human Rights (DIHR) in Copenhagen. He obtained his Masters of Law (LLM) (Human Rights) at the University of Hong Kong in 2004 and executive education from the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University.
Vedat has joined IBJ as of July 1, 2022. He has extensive leadership experience in finance at global companies in international markets (EMEA, Latin America, Canada, Middle East, Central Asia). As part of his roles, he worked at Board level and with international business partners and regulatory authorities. Vedat also has in depth experience in international business transformation, M&A and business growth initiatives. He has external audit experience in big 4 and in IFRS/GAAP, business compliance and governance. Prior to joining IBJ, Vedat was the Founder and Managing Director of Swiss Business Institute in Geneva where he has consulted and trained senior managers and leaders in finance and leadership in Europe, Middle East and Eastern Europe. His customers included NGOs, multi-national companies, government and educational institutions. He was the EMEA Finance Director at Logitech prior to this where he has co-managed the Logitech EMEA business and managed finance, credit and collections, accounting back office, supply chain finance, IT and Facilities functions in EMEA to manage the business risks and provide business support services. Vedat has worked at HP prior to Logitech for 19 years in various country, regional and global finance leadership positions in Switzerland, Ireland, UK, Russia and Turkey. During his time at HP, Vedat has managed the set-up of a Bank in Ireland, the HP subsidiaries in Russia and Turkey as well as numerous worldwide transformation projects. He has started his professional career at PwC as Senior Auditor where he worked 3 years and conducted external audits of local and international clients in line with GAAP, IFRS and local legal accounting and reporting standards. Vedat has a BA, in Business Administration with a major in Accounting and Finance from Bogazici University in Istanbul and he has also attended General Management Program at INSEAD Paris. He has Swiss & Turkish nationalities and currently lives in Geneva, Switzerland.
Andrew Ozanian – Associate Director
Andrew Ozanian was called to the U.K. bar at Middle Temple, having completed both undergraduate and masters law degrees at the University of Manchester. His desire to pursue a career protecting Human Rights has led him to the city of Geneva where he is continuing to specialise in the prevention of investigative torture. Previously, Andrew has worked at the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) where he assisted the prosecution of those accused of war crimes during the Yugoslav conflicts. Andrew has also spent time in Georgia U.S.A where he worked for Georgia Capital Defenders, assisting the preparation of capital trials and defending prisoners’ rights on death row. At IBJ, Andrew is part of the technical development team of the IBJ JusticeHub platform, a digital system that will scale IBJs activities between 2020-2030.
Chris Martin – Legal Program Associate
Chris Martin assists with the management of IBJ’s programs in Burundi, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, which includes grant reporting and development as well as logistics and administration of campaigns and outreach for funding. She analyzes country-specific criminal justice system needs including legislative reforms and programs to strengthen delivery of pro-bono legal services. She also initiates pilot programs focusing on access to justice issues for undocumented migrants including victims of human trafficking, with a focus on gender issues. Chris served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Senegal and has a Juris Doctor from the City University of New York School of Law. She worked for the US Department of Justice under the Obama Administration as an immigration attorney. Chris also obtained an MAS in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland.
Tafadzwa Christmas – UN Liaison & Advocacy Officer
Tafadzwa Christmas is a PhD candidate at the Law Faculty, University of Geneva. The scope of his research focuses on international human rights law. He assists IBJ as its UN Liaison and Advocacy Officer; as such, he represents IBJ in key UN, civil society, academic meetings and seminars. He renders support in fundraising and project formulation for interventions in the African region, and he also provides specialized legal research services which include relevant contributions to IBJ’s e-learning platform for criminal defence lawyers, its Criminal Defence Wiki, and country-specific legislative research to support training programs for criminal defence lawyers. He previously served as a Senior Projects Lawyer with the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum and has worked for close to a decade in the field of human rights in Africa with specific focus on public interest litigation, research, as well as lobby and advocacy. Tafadzwa holds a MAS in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law from the Geneva Academy (Summa Cum Laude) and an LLB (Honours) from the University of Zimbabwe.
Ella O’Reilly – Program Coordinator
Ella O’Reilly has a degree in Religious Studies from the University of Edinburgh with a specialization in religion, conflict and refugee communities. Her keen interest in human rights have formerly led her to volunteer in refugee camps in Northern France and Palestine and to assist with the New Scots Syrian Refugee Resettlement Scheme in Scotland. Her desire to pursue a career related to justice led her to International Bridges to Justice in 2020, she has worked on the IBJ Syria program and the youth program since 2020. She currently works on the Turkey country program ‘Advancing Justice for Syrians in Turkey’.
Theo Forbath – Technology Strategy Adviser to IBJ
Theo Forbath is the Global Vice President of Innovation Strategy at frog. Theo is an expert in managing product innovation, business strategy and global collaboration. For the last 20 years, Theo has assisted leading technology vendors, service providers, multi-national corporations, early stage startups and NGOs in developing successful product and service strategies, transformative business models, and innovative go-to-market plans. Theo brings a passion for improving the human condition through the innovative use of technology, mobile communications, social networks, government, and corporate leadership.
During the last decade, Theo has worked to improve educational, medical, legal and professional opportunities in regions throughout the world that are still coming “online”. Currently, much of Theo’s work focuses on the third wave of computing, and on helping organizations identify and leverage new opportunities in the post-PC, post-Mobile Phone/Tablet world of the Internet of Everything. Theo regularly writes and speaks about the evolution of technology, along with tracking the impact of the Internet, emerging computing applications and globalization on technology adoption and strategies to improve the quality of life for those who have the least. Theo’s writing, speaking and thought leadership has focused on how organizations can develop cultures of innovation, on creating new business models within a data-rich world, and on understanding the impact of global collaboration on product and service innovation.
Theo has worked with Harvard Business School and MIT Sloan School of Business on researching these areas, and his work has appeared in Fortune, Harvard Business Review (HBR), Rotman Management Journal, Design Mind, IEEE conference papers, Harvard Business School Working Papers, and in the 2006 book Global Sourcing – Issues and Perspectives. Theo has spoken at TEDx conferences, Mobile World Congress, given Keynotes for Innovation in Africa, China Smartricity Conference, and as part of Intel”s Distinguished Speakers” Series. Along with serving on the Advisory Boards for a number of companies, Theo also served on the World Economic Forum”s ICT Advisory Board for five years. Theo holds a BA with honors in Philosophy and Sociology from Brandeis University. Theo attended Harvard Business School’s Executive Program on Leading Product Development, and he holds a Professional Certificate in Data Communications from Northeastern University.