Global Headquarters of International Bridges to Justice
64, rue de Monthoux, 1201 Geneva, Switzerland
Karen Tse – Founder and CEO
Karen founded International Bridges to Justice in 2000 to promote systemic global change in the administration of criminal justice. A former public defender, Karen first developed her interest in the cross section of criminal law and human rights as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow in 1986, after observing Southeast Asian refugees detained in a local prison without trial; thousands of prisoners of all ages being held without trial, often having been tortured into making so called confessions. In 1994, she moved to Cambodia to train the country’s first core group of public defenders and subsequently served as a United Nations Judicial Mentor. Under the auspices of the U.N., she trained judges and prosecutors, and established the first arraignment court in Cambodia. In the initial stages, she negotiated groundbreaking measures in judicial reform with the Chinese, Vietnamese and Cambodian governments.
Under her leadership, IBJ has expanded its programming to include Rwanda, Burundi, Zimbabwe and India. In addition to the Defenders Resource Centers in those countries, IBJ also sponsors independent Justice Makers in 42 countries. IBJ has created a Global Defense Support Program to bring IBJ assistance to public defenders worldwide. In 2010, IBJ launched the Justice Training Center in Singapore. A graduate of UCLA Law School and Harvard Divinity School, Karen was named by U.S. News & World Report as one of America’s Best Leaders in 2007. She has been recognized by the Skoll Foundation, Ashoka and Echoing Green as a leading social entrepreneur. Karen was the recipient of the 2008 Harvard Divinity School’s First Decade Award, and the 2008 American Bar Association’s International Human Rights Award. She also received the 2009 Gleitsman International Award at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. More on Karen
Sanjeewa oversees IBJ’s international portfolio of programs and is working to develop new initiatives that bring IBJ methodologies to defenders worldwide. Originally from Sri Lanka, Sanjeewa assumed the role of IBJ”s International Program Director in October 2006 after over 12 years of experience in project management in Asia. He began his career as the Asian Coordinator for International Young Christian Students (IYCS) in 1988, where he conducted social awareness and leadership training programs for students in 14 Asian countries. In 1995, he joined the Asian Legal Resource Center (ALRC), a regional human rights NGOs based in Hong Kong, where he assisted human rights related legal training programs for different groups including civic group leaders, lawyers and judges from the Asia-Pacific region. He represented ALRC at numerous UN forums including the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and the Human Rights Committee in Geneva, preparatory meetings leading to the World Conference against Racism in Warsaw and Bangkok and the Committee against Torture. Sanjeewa was the East Asian focal point for the NGO Coalition for International Criminal Court (CICC). He has undergone human rights training at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in The Hague and Danish Institute (formerly Danish Centre) for Human Rights (DIHR) in Copenhagen. He obtained his Masters of Law (LLM) (Human Rights) at the University of Hong Kong in 2004.
Linda Johnson – Director of Grants Administration
Linda Johnson brings extensive professional experience to IBJ, including 11 years in the hospitality industry, launching and developing an international non-profit organization representing the airport sector (ACI), setting up a number of multinational companies in Switzerland and working for a family owned Swiss private bank. Linda joined IBJ in January 2018 and serves as the Director of Grants Administration, where she coordinates and manages the operational and financial aspects of donor grants. Linda holds her undergraduate degree in International Relations from Georgetown University, a Master’s from Cranfield University and an Advanced Certificate in Corporate Social Responsibility from Geneva University. Linda has acquired strong communications skills and speaks fluent English and French as well as Spanish.
Jacques du Preez – Training Consultant
Jacques joined IBJ in June 2018 as Legal Training Director, taking on the position of Training Consultant on his return to South Africa in September 2019. After finishing his LLB, Jacques completed a Master of Laws (LLM) at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa focusing on International Criminal Law. As part of his postgraduate studies Jacques completed International Criminal Law training at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (UNICTR) in Tanzania where he also finished 2nd overall in the ICRC 2005 International Humanitarian Law Moot Court Competition. After completing pupilage and passing the Bar exam, Jacques became a full member of the Cape Bar Council and Legal Aid South Africa in 2006 in Cape Town, South Africa and practiced as counsel in the areas of criminal, human rights, constitutional and labor law. In 2011 he joined the Centre for Constitutional Rights & Unity in Diversity of the FW de Klerk Foundation – an NGO committed to human rights, constitutional law, justice and rule of law in South Africa. In 2014 Jacques was called back to the Bar where his law practice increasingly focused on international consulting, human rights, international criminal law, legal and trial advocacy training until he joined International Bridges to Justice in June 2018. Jacques has worked with numerous INGO’s as United Nations Volunteer on different human rights projects. He is a member of the Association of Defense Counsel Practicing Before the International Criminal Tribunals (the Hague) and a mentor with the Mandela Washington Fellowship for Young African Leaders.
Pete Greyshock – Program and Resource Development Officer
Pete is a human rights lawyer with over 10 years of experience in policy advocacy, litigation and leadership in the NGO sector. His work at IBJ centers on resource development and building program capacity in Latin America. Previously, Pete was senior attorney at a Los Angeles-based immigration firm where he led a team focused on asylum and appellate practice. He also served as lead attorney and halted the deportation of Romulo Avelica–Gonzalez, a Mexican national whose case elicited international media attention when video of his arrest by immigration officers outside his daughter’s school went viral. He began his career in the NGO sector where he represented migrant workers in California’s wine country. He subsequently led California’s largest worker health and safety coalition where he began a pop-up training program in local consulates and pushed a policy agenda which resulted in victories for farm, healthcare and carwash workers. For these efforts, Pete received the New Leader award from the National Coalition for Occupational Safety & Health in 2010. Pete is also an expert on rule of law issues in Latin America. In 2013, his article, “Outsourcing Justice: Colombia, the United States, and the Extradition of Paramilitaries” was published in the Southwestern Journal of International Law. In 2011, he clerked for the Office of the Public Defender before the Supreme Court of Argentina. And in 2006, Pete served as an electoral observer during Mexico’s federal elections. He holds a master’s degree in nonprofit leadership and management from the University of San Diego and a juris doctor from Southwestern Law School.
Andrew Ozanian – Program Management and Development Associate
Andrew Ozanian was called to the U.K. bar at Middle Temple, having completed both undergraduate and masters law degrees at the University of Manchester. His desire to pursue a career protecting Human Rights has led him to the city of Geneva where he is continuing to specialise in the prevention of investigative torture. Previously, Andrew has worked at the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) where he assisted the prosecution of those accused of war crimes during the Yugoslav conflicts. Andrew has also spent time in Georgia U.S.A where he worked for Georgia Capital Defenders, assisting the preparation of capital trials and defending prisoners’ rights on death row. At IBJ, Andrew is part of the technical development team of the IBJ JusticeHub platform, a digital system that will scale IBJs activities between 2020-2030.
Marie assists in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of IBJ’s programs, with a focus on programs in Burundi, Rwanda, DR Congo and Sri Lanka. Marie is from the UK and has a background in law. She has a keen interest in human rights issues and humanitarian law, and has spent time volunteering in refugee camps in the north of France.
Tafadzwa Christmas – UN Liaison & Advocacy Officer
Tafadzwa Christmas is a PhD candidate at the Law Faculty, University of Geneva. The scope of his research focuses on international human rights law. He assists IBJ as its UN Liaison and Advocacy Officer; as such, he represents IBJ in key UN, civil society, academic meetings and seminars. He renders support in fundraising and project formulation for interventions in the African region, and he also provides specialized legal research services which include relevant contributions to IBJ’s e-learning platform for criminal defence lawyers, its Criminal Defence Wiki, and country-specific legislative research to support training programs for criminal defence lawyers. He previously served as a Senior Projects Lawyer with the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum and has worked for close to a decade in the field of human rights in Africa with specific focus on public interest litigation, research, as well as lobby and advocacy. Tafadzwa holds a MAS in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law from the Geneva Academy (Summa Cum Laude) and an LLB (Honours) from the University of Zimbabwe.
Sophia Simmons – Program Assistant
Sophia assists in program development, intern management, and special projects on women, youth, And LGBTQ+ individuals. She started at International Bridges to Justice as an intern in 2016, collaborating to a research on gender-based violence (GBV) in prisons. She was drawn to work in human rights, and on SDG 16, after launching a project in High School to change the one-dimensional narratives on those in prison. She conducted in-person interviews, of adult and juvenile offenders, while training and working as a civil mediator on sexual harassment cases. She focuses on utilizing social-entrepreneurship, youth advocacy, and new technologies, to further IBJ’s mission. She holds a B.A. from Smith College in Massachusetts, USA, and a M.A. in International Affairs from The Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva, Switzerland.
Theo Forbath – Technology Strategy Adviser to IBJ
Theo Forbath is the Global Vice President of Innovation Strategy at frog. Theo is an expert in managing product innovation, business strategy and global collaboration. For the last 20 years, Theo has assisted leading technology vendors, service providers, multi-national corporations, early stage startups and NGOs in developing successful product and service strategies, transformative business models, and innovative go-to-market plans. Theo brings a passion for improving the human condition through the innovative use of technology, mobile communications, social networks, government and corporate leadership.
During the last decade, Theo has worked to improve educational, medical, legal and professional opportunities in regions throughout the world that are still coming “online”. Currently, much of Theo’s work focuses on the third wave of computing, and on helping organizations identify and leverage new opportunities in the post-PC, post-Mobile Phone/Tablet world of the Internet of Everything. Theo regularly writes and speaks about the evolution of technology, along with tracking the impact of the Internet, emerging computing applications and globalization on technology adoption and strategies to improve the quality of life for those who have the least. Theo’s writing, speaking and thought leadership has focused on how organizations can develop cultures of innovation, on creating new business models within a data-rich world, and on understanding the impact of global collaboration on product and service innovation.
Theo has worked with Harvard Business School and MIT Sloan School of Business on researching these areas, and his work has appeared in Fortune, Harvard Business Review (HBR), Rotman Management Journal, Design Mind, IEEE conference papers, Harvard Business School Working Papers, and in the 2006 book Global Sourcing – Issues and Perspectives. Theo has spoken at TEDx conferences, Mobile World Congress, given Keynotes for Innovation in Africa, China Smartricity Conference, and as part of Intel”s Distinguished Speakers” Series. Along with serving on the Advisory Boards for a number of companies, Theo also served on the World Economic Forum”s ICT Advisory Board for five years. Theo holds a BA with honors in Philosophy and Sociology from Brandeis University. Theo attended Harvard Business School’s Executive Program on Leading Product Development, and he holds a Professional Certificate in Data Communications from Northeastern University.